Today in African History

Today in African History: February 12

Greetings and shalom, everyone! On this day of the Gregorian calendar, February 12, we remember the following events in global African history:


Year Territory Event
1502 Spain Queen Isabella of Spain issued a royal order giving all remaining Moors in the realms of Castile the choice between baptism and expulsion.
1733 USA Englishman James Oglethorpe founded Georgia, the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
1793 USA The US federal government passed its first fugitive slave law. This gave slaveholders the right to reclaim their human property in free states.
1809 USA Birth of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), the 16th President of the United States in Hardin County, Kentucky.
1825 USA The Creek ceded the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government by the Treaty of Indian Springs, and migrate west.
1901 USA Delaware ratified the Thirteenth Amendment on February 12, 1901, which was the ninety-second anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln.
1909 USA The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.
1946 USA African American United States Army veteran Isaac Woodard was severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer to the point where he lost his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanized the civil rights movement and partially inspires Orson Welles’ film Touch of Evil.
1962 USA A bus boycott started in Macon, Georgia.
1965 United Kingdom Malcolm X visited Smethwick, England following the racial charged 1964 general election.
1968 USA “Soul on Ice” by Eldridge Cleaver (full name: Leroy Eldridge Cleaver), a militant activist and Black Panther, was first published.
1987 USA White youths in Queens County, NYC, connected to the Howard Beach racial attacks of December 1986, were indicted on charges ranging from second-degree murder to inciting to riot and criminal facilitation.
1987 USA In Alabama, surviving relatives of a black man murdered by KKK members were awarded $7 million in damages.
2000 Zimbabwe Voting began on a new constitution with provisions for expropriating the land of white farmers without compensation.
2007 South Africa South Africa said it will build a second nuclear power plant generating more than 1,000 megawatts of electricity.
2007 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe’s central statistics office reported that the inflation rate, already the highest in the world, had soared again by more than 300 points to 1,593% in January.
2012 South Africa In South Africa, the Impala Platinum worker’s union said the world’s number two producer has agreed to take back 17,200 workers who were fired for going on strike.
2012 Sudan; South Sudan Sudan and breakaway South Sudan agreed to cooperate in the transfer of more than 300,000 people to the South. The deal allowed South Sudanese to choose where they want to live and set an April 8 deadline for 500,000 people to go back to their homeland or to “normalize” their stay in Sudan.
2012 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe state media said International diamond watchdog the Kimberley Process (KP) has certified Zimbabwe’s Diamond Mining Company to sell gems from the violence-tainted Marange fields.
2014 USA President Obama signed an executive order raising the minimum wage to $10.10 for federal contractors.
2014 Central African Republic Amnesty International said the exodus of tens of thousands of Muslims from Central African Republic amounts to “ethnic cleansing.” French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian pledged on a visit to CAR to continue disarming both Muslim and Christian fighters. African Union peacekeepers uncovered a mass grave at a military camp in Bangui occupied by the Muslim Seleka rebels.
2014 DR Congo President Joseph Kabila, announced an amnesty for former members of the defeated M23 rebel army.
2016 USA President Barack Obama designated some 1.8 million acres of scenic California desert as national monuments, roughly doubling the amount of public land set aside for protection during his presidency.
2016 Rwanda Rwanda said it would send Burundian refugees to other countries, after the United States said that they were being recruited from camps to fight on behalf of the Burundian opposition.
2016 USA Death of singer Al Jarreau (1940-2016) in Los Angeles, California.
2018 USA In Atlanta, Georgia, Timothy Cunningham (35), an epidemic intelligence officer working for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, went missing. His body was found seven weeks later in water and mud on the banks of the Chattahoochee River in northwest Atlanta.

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