Today in African History

Today in African History: February 11

Greetings and shalom, everyone! On this day of the Gregorian calendar, February 11, we remember the following events in global African history:

Year Territory Event
1626 Ethiopia Emperor Susenyos I of Ethiopia and Patriarch Afonso Mendes declared the primacy of the Roman See over the Ethiopian Church, and Catholicism to be the state religion of Ethiopia.
1818 USA In Louisiana, sugar plantation owner Levi Foster sold to his in-laws the slaves named Kit (28) for $975 and Alick (9) for $400. In 2000 Gwendolyn Midlo Hall and LSU Press published a CD-ROM database on Louisiana slave transactions: “Databases for the Study of Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1699-1860: Computerized Information from Original Manuscript Sources.”
1839 USA Missouri slave owner James Rollins (1812-1888) helped establish the state’s first public university. He served in the US House of Representatives from 1861-1865. The Univ. of Missouri admitted its first black students in 1950.
1855 Ethiopia Kassa Hailu was crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam
1861 USA American Civil War: The United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
1861 USA President-elect Abraham Lincoln departed Springfield, Illinois, for Washington, D.C.
1990 South Africa Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.
1990 USA Buster Douglas, a 42:1 underdog, knocked out Mike Tyson in ten rounds at Tokyo to win boxing’s world Heavyweight title.
2004 Haiti Pro-Aristide supporters killed up to 50 residents of St. Marc.
2005 USA Health officials in NYC issued a nationwide alert over a new AIDS HIV strain that is immune to just about all antiretroviral drugs.
2005 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe announced that 1.5 million people needed food aid immediately.
2009 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe‘s opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as prime minister, joining President Robert Mugabe in a unity government after a decade of struggling to push him from power.
2010 Tanzania; Rwanda In Tanzania, a UN tribunal found former Rwandan Lt. Col. Tharcisse Muvunyi guilty of exhorting a crowd to kill Tutsis and destroy their homes during the 1994 genocide that ripped through the Central African nation. He was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
2012 USA Singer and actress Whitney Houston (1963-2012), died at the Beverly Hilton hotel on the eve of the Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. Houston was found “underwater and unconscious” in the bathtub of her hotel room.
2012 Libya; Niger Libya demanded Niger hand over Al-Saadi Gadhafi, one of Moammar Gadhafi’s sons who is under house arrest there, after he warned in a television interview that his homeland was facing a new uprising.
2012 South Africa South Africa launched a new line of bank notes bearing the image of its first democratically elected president, Nelson Mandela (93), on the 22nd anniversary of his release from prison.
2013 Angola; Portugal Portuguese courts refused to allow Angolan generals to stop the publication of the book “”Blood Diamonds: Corruption and Torture in Angola” by Rafael Marques. It exposed corruption and human rights abuses in the country’s lucrative diamond mines.
2013 Kenya Millions of Kenyans watched and listened to the nation’s first-ever presidential debate. The two front-running candidates, Deputy PM Uhuru Kenyatta and PM Raila Odinga. traded barbs over the looming trial of Kenyatta in the International Criminal Court.
2013 Liberia; Guinea A plane carrying senior officials from Guinea crashed near Liberia’s largest airport, killing 11 people including Guinea’s army chief of staff Gen. Souleymane Kelefa Diallo.
2014 Tanzania; Rwanda In Tanzania, the UN-backed court for Rwanda acquitted on appeal former paramilitary police chief Augustin Ndindiliyimana and ex-elite battalion commander Francois-Xavier Nzuwonemeye of charges related to the 1994 genocide.
2015 USA US President Barack Obama sent Congress his text for an authorization to use military force in the campaign against Islamic State, limiting operations against the militants to three years and barring use of US troops in “enduring offensive ground combat.”
2016 South Sudan South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir named his arch-rival Riek Machar as vice-president, raising hopes for the implementation of a repeatedly broken peace deal to end more than two years of civil war.
2017 France 37 people were arrested in the Paris suburbs when clashes erupted after a protest over the Feb 2 assault of a young black man allegedly sodomized with a police truncheon.
2017 South Sudan South Sudanese Lt. Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka resigned while telling President Salva Kiir “you have disgraced yourself” by subjecting the conflict-torn country to ethnic bias and “unacceptable cycles of violence.”



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