Shalom, everyone! In modern times, most Hebrews who know YAH repeatedly affirm that there is no other deity besides YAH (“YHVH”), meaning that no other deity exists. Contrary to popular belief, however, the Hebrew Bible does not support this view. Whenever the Holy Scriptures mention that there is “no god besides YHVH” they mean that no other deity is comparable to YHVH, not even close. These scriptures boast of YAH‘s incomparability to the deities. The ancient authors of the Hebrew Bible did not deny the existence of other deities, neither does YAH deny the existence of other deities. Prior to the exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, YAH stated that He would judge the Egyptian pantheon of gods (Exodus 12:12). Other deities indeed exist, however, YAH is superior to them all. The Hebrew Bible describes real spiritual entities who have power on earth and accept worship from humans. There is a hierarchy of spiritual beings with YAH at the very top.
The following is part one of a video presentation by renown biblical scholar and author Dr. Michael Heiser called “The Gods of the Bible.” Dr. Heiser presents references from the Hebrew Bible that prove that other deities exist. In pagan cultures, the spirits of these other deities inhabit graven images, after certain rituals are performed, thereby localizing that deity to a specific geographic area. Does this mean that the Hebrew Bible supports polytheistic worship? Absolutely not! The Hebrew Bible is monolatristic not monotheistic. Remember, We are to worship YAH only:
- YAH does not need an idol to inhabit and He cannot be captured or localized through ritual;
- YAH is all-powerful, all-knowing and self-existent;
- YAH is the only deity worthy of worship;
- YAH created all things in heaven and on earth, including those other deities.
Dr. Heiser is the author of the book, “The Unseen Realm.” Please note that Dr. Heiser is of the Christian faith. While TwelveTotems.org does not support the Christian doctrine of Jesus (Yeshua) being a deity worthy of worship, we do support the monolatry the Hebrew Bible supports: Other deities do exist, however, our attention, allegiance, praise, and worship must be to YAH and YAH alone.
Does the Bible affirm or deny the existence of other gods (elohim)?
The Gods of the Bible – Part 1 – Dr. Michael Heiser/Naked Bible
Video from Naked Bible/YouTube
The following are the scriptural references mentioned in the video presentation above:
Psalms 97:9 ~ “For Thou, LORD, art most high above all the earth; Thou art exalted far above all gods.”
Exodus 15:11 ~”Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, among the mighty? who is like unto Thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?”
1 Kings 8:23 ~ “and he said: ‘O LORD, the God of Israel, there is no God like Thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath; who keepest covenant and mercy with Thy servants, that walk before Thee with all their heart;”
Isaiah 45:5 ~ ” I am the LORD, and there is none else, beside Me there is no God; I have girded thee, though thou hast not known Me;”
2 Samuel 7:22 ~ “Therefore Thou art great, O LORD God; for there is none like Thee, neither is there any God beside Thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.”
Deuteronomy 4:35 ~ “Unto thee it was shown, that thou mightest know that the LORD, He is God; there is none else beside Him.”
Exodus 12:12 ~”For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.”
Deuteronomy 4:28 ~ “And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.”
Deuteronomy 32:17 ~ “They sacrificed unto demons, no-gods, gods that they knew not, new gods that came up of late, which your fathers dreaded not.”