Hebrew Bible

WATCH: What is Considered Scripture? – 2018 – Minister Milton Carnes/HCA

Shalom, everyone! The following is a video presentation by Minister Milton Carnes of the Hebrew Congregation of Atlanta, explaining what exactly constitutes the Scriptures. The Scriptures are the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Tanakh, the acronym for the Torah, Nevi’im, and Ketuvim. The Tanakh is as follows:

  • Torah (Five Books of Moses): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy;
  • Nevi’im (Prophets): Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi;
  • Ketuvim (Writings): Chronicles, Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, Esther, Daniel, Ezra / Nehemiah.

The “new testament,” though held in great regard by many in the Israelite community, is not Scripture. The writings of the “new testament” did not exist until after the siege and destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans between the years 66 and 70 CE. If they even existed, Yeshua and his disciples only knew the Tanakh as Scripture.

Minister Carnes also gives some recommendations on which bibles to use. TwelveTotems.org does necessarily endorse these choices, as we have not yet read these bibles, however, we do recommend that the reader does his/her due diligence and choose a bible with a translation that is as close as possible to the original source. Unfortunately, the oldest sources available are not written in the original Hebrew but are written in Greek, and in Aramaic also known as modern Hebrew.


What is Considered Scripture? – Minister Milton Carnes

Video playlist from HCA Video/YouTube

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